Answers to our most Frequently Asked Questions
An event is considered traumatic if the person experienced, witnessed, or was confronted with an event or events that involved actual or threatened death or serious injury, or a threat to the physical integrity of self or others. The person’s response must have also involved intense fear, helplessness, or horror (American Psychiatric Association, 1994).
In their lifetime, nearly 90% of Americans report having experienced a traumatic event such as car accidents, physical or sexual assaults, hold-ups, being taken hostage, work-place accidents, natural disasters, etc. (Breslau et al., 1998) This proportion is generally lower in other western countries.
Every experience changes us. To try and ‘return things to the way they were’ is a universal desire that is rarely achievable. If you cannot get back to the way you were, you will need to find a new balance and to possibly draw upon the experience in order to strengthen yourself. You might want to think of psychological trauma as not unlike a physical injury which leaves you with scars that will, from time to time, be uncomfortable.
Many people who have survived a traumatic event and who develop post-traumatic stress disorder feel a deep-rooted sense of guilt (Birmes & Schmitt, 2003).
Guilt can come from the fact that you have survived when others have not, or perhaps in trying to explain your perceived role in ‘inviting’ an assault. Try to further examine your feelings of guilt to understand where they come from, so that you may overcome them.
Resilience is not only the absence of post-traumatic stress after a traumatic experience but also an individual’s ability to take something positive from adversity (Cyrulnik, 2003). An individual may display resilience to one traumatic event whilst developing symptoms of post-traumatic stress after another (Damiani & Vaillant, 2003).
Psychologists have a master’s or doctoral degree(PhD) in psychology. They use psychological tests and psychotherapy with their patients.
Psychiatrists are medical doctors that specialize in mental health. They can prescribe medication to help their patients. Some will also use psychotherapy.
Psychoanalysts have trained in a private institute and undergone a personal analysis. They do not necessarily hold any related educational qualifications. They help their patients to explore their unconscious using the psychoanalytic method.
Anyone can call themselves a psychotherapist; no formal training or methods are required.
A person who counsels, walks with the persons plan/goals and encourages clients on matters having to do with careers or personal challenges or things of important to them.
A person trained to give guidance on personal, social, or psychological problems.
In positive psychology, a flow state, also known colloquially as being in the zone, is the mental state of operation in which a person performing an activity is fully immersed in a feeling of energized focus, full involvement, and enjoyment in the process of the activity.
1. Prime yourself for the task ahead. Spend about 5 or 10 minutes pre-thinking and visualisingwhat it is you need to get done.
2. Remove your distractions.
3. Allow transition time to fully focus.
4. Apply creative, multisensory learning strategies.
5. Discipline yourself and your learning environment